Kidney Disease Chronic & Acute
CKD is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as they should. Because of this, excess fluid and waste from blood remain in the body and may cause other health problems, such as heart disease and stroke. Other tests may include imaging tests to look for problems with the size and structure of your kidneys such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and/or computerized tomography scans. Your healthcare provider may also order a kidney biopsy to check for a specific type of kidney disease or to determine the amount of kidney damage. In this procedure, performed using local anesthesia, a piece of your kidney tissue is removed and examined.
Anemia also contributes to fatigue and generalized weakness. Acute kidney injury – or AKI – usually occurs when the blood supply to the kidneys is suddenly interrupted or when the kidneys become overloaded with toxins. Causes of acute kidney injury include accidents, injuries, or complications from surgeries in which the kidneys are deprived of normal blood flow for extended periods of time.
Kidney disease leads to kidney failure, which is also called end-stage kidney disease. At this point, you’ll need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Kidney disease means your kidneys aren’t working properly. Chronic kidney disease means your kidney function slowly gets worse with time.
Your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. While watching for late-stage symptoms won’t help with early detection, it’s still important to be aware of the signs. Remember, you shouldn’t wait for symptoms before you take action. Your doctor can give you a blood test that will measure your creatinine levels and help determine your level of kidney function. The earlier CKD is detected, the greater the benefit of early treatment.
A kidney transplantis when a surgeon puts a healthier kidney from another person into your body. Kidney transplant is the best way to treat many patients with end stage kidney disease. This stage of CKD is known as kidney failure, end-stage renal disease or established renal failure. It may eventually require treatment with dialysis or a kidney transplant. If you have a higher risk of getting acute kidney failure because of pre-existing kidney disease or other conditions, make sure to follow your doctor’s advice for treating and managing your condition.
Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body. Often, a patient is seen for hypertension expert witness specialist another medical condition and the diagnosis of kidney failure is a consequence of the patient’s disease or injury. The stages are based on how well your kidneys are able to do their job – to filter out waste and extra fluid from your blood. Healthcare providers determine the stage of your kidney function according to the glomerular filtration rate .
Diet is a key component of treatment for people with kidney disease in order to reduce stress on the kidneys and prevent further damage. The rate of decline in kidney function depends somewhat on the underlying disorder causing chronic kidney disease and on how well the disorder is controlled. For example, diabetes and high blood pressure, particularly if poorly controlled, cause kidney function to decline more rapidly. Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of the abdominal cavity as the dialysis filter to rid the body of waste and to balance electrolyte levels. A catheter is placed in the abdominal cavity through the abdominal wall by a surgeon, and it is expected to remain in place for the long-term.
Someone in early stage kidney disease may not feel sick or notice symptoms as they occur. When the kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. Very low levels of azotaemia may produce few, if any, symptoms. Kidney failure accompanied by noticeable symptoms is termed uraemia. Your doctor will limit the amount of salt andpotassiumyou get until your kidneys heal.
Cirrhosis Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C. Symptoms include yellowing of the skin , itching, and fatigue. In acute renal failure, kidney function is lost rapidly and can occur from a variety of insults to the body. Since most people have two kidneys, both kidneys must be damaged for complete kidney failure to occur. Fortunately, if only one kidney fails or is diseased it can be removed, and the remaining kidney may continue to have normal kidney function. If both patient’s kidneys are injured or diseased, a donor kidney may be transplanted.